What is Stamp Duty and how is it calculated?
Stamp duty is a tax paid by people buying property, although it varies slightly across the UK.
- In England and Northern Ireland buyers pay ‘Stamp Duty Land Tax’ (SDLT).
- In Scotland it’s ‘Land and Buildings Transaction Tax’.
- In Wales buyers pay ‘Land Transaction Tax’.
The amount handed to the government depends on where you are in the UK, and the price of the property.
Stamp duty (SDLT) applies if the property is over £125,000. This tax is also applicable to overseas buyers.
Since 4th December 2014, you only pay the rate of tax on the part of the property price within each tax band.
From April 2016, an additional 3% stamp duty must be paid on second homes and buy-to-let properties. From November 2017, first-time buyers will pay zero stamp duty on the first £300,000 of any home costing up to £500,000 (and only 5% on any proportion between £300k and £500k).
From July 8th 2020, there has been another change so read on for more details.